Healthy Early Nutrition – Healthy Future

The period between conception and a child’s second birthday is referred to as the first 1000 days of life. This is a unique window of opportunity to support the development, growth and health of the (unborn) baby. It also has short- and long-term health implications for the infant and young child, as well as for pregnant and lactating women. For this reason, a well-balanced diet that includes key nutrients in optimal amounts during this time plays a crucial role in programming future health.

Empowering parents-to-be, new parents and midwives to make well-informed decisions in terms of healthy early nutrition are important.
With our campaign “Healthy Early Nutrition – Healthy Future” we focus on the different phases of early nutrition: from pre-conception and through pregnancy, to feeding the baby in the first months of life and during baby- and toddlerhood until the age of 2 years. Because the first 1000 days matter – and healthy early nutrition is the first step into a healthy future.

For the adequacy of nutritional intakes or general nutrition advice during all phases, consult a medical professional or paediatrician.


A healthy lifestyle, including regular physical activity and balanced nutrition, is important for parents-to-be. A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, protein and sea fish is key, especially for the mother-to-be, to get ready for pregnancy and the related increasing nutritional demands. Folic acid – a source of folate – is important for a baby’s very early development. If you plan to or become pregnant, your healthcare practitioner can provide you with helpful advice on prenatal supplements, including folic acid, to ensure the baby’s proper development and growth. Folic acid also reduces the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs). NTDs are severe birth defects of the brain and spine, such as spina bifida and anencephaly. 

During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, the baby is exposed to environmental factors that the mother is exposed to, such as nutrition. A healthy and balanced diet, moderate weight gain, regular moderate physical exercise and a good work-life balance are protective factors and contribute to the healthy development of the baby. Regardless of the specific diet followed by the mother, the optimal intake of crucial nutrients, among others, iron, vitamin D and omega-3 DHA, should be minded. A multiple micronutrient supplement may be recommended to meet the increased needs during pregnancy. Alcohol, nicotine consumption and passive smoking should be avoided.

Infancy: 0-6 months

Mother’s own milk is the best and first choice for the nutrition of babies, and breastfeeding should be initiated immediately after birth. It is recommended to exclusively breastfeed for the first six months of life. Breastfeeding women should ensure their own nutritional needs are being met and maintain a healthy lifestyle and balanced diet during the breastfeeding period. Vitamin K is essential to prevent bleeding and should be administered by intramuscular injection at birth or orally at birth followed by extra doses afterwards. Supplementation of vitamin D for the baby is important to support the growth and development of strong bones.

Baby-and toddlerhood: 6-24 months

Complementary feeding – the introduction of solid foods and liquids other than breast milk or infant formula – should be initiated from six months, but no later than 7 months of age, while continuing breastfeeding for as long as mother and baby desire. As all babies develop at a different pace, parents should pay attention to developmental signs to know when the baby is ready for solid foods. A wide variety of flavours and foods should be offered, especially vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and animal-source foods to cover the nutritional needs of the growing child. Nutrient-poor foods that contain excessive sugar, fat, or salt, as well as honey and cow’s milk, should be avoided in the first year of life (small amounts of cow’s milk can be mixed with food from six months).

Our campaign materials for download

We invite you to download the material provided on this page and use it to inform your patients, share them with friends and promote healthy nutrition on your social media platforms, your blog or website.
Please remember to credit © EFCNI 

Please be sure to use the hashtag #HealthyEarlyNutrition when posting on social media and please tag us @efcni (@EFCNIwecare on Twitter) to help us find and like your posts!


Healthy during pre-conception
Healthy during pre-conception
Nutrition during pregnancy
Nutrition during pregnancy
The role of mother's own milk
The role of mother's own milk
Healthy early nutrition_toddlerhood

Expert Quote Cards

Mandy Daly, Dip. H Diet & Nutrition, INHA
Mandy Daly, Dip. H Diet & Nutrition, INHA
Professor Hans van Goudoever
Professor Hans van Goudoever
Healthy Early Nutrition H van Goudoever

Further information

Download factsheet “Why the first 1000 days of life matter”

Download article “For the best start in life. The importance of the right fatty acids in infant nutrition products”

Healthy Early Nutrition – Healthy Future campaign was independently developed and is powered by EFCNI.


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